Avoid heat-related illness with prevention

   With temperatures predicted to hit 100 by the end of the week, it is time (if you haven’t already) to think about the heat and how to avoid heat-related illness during this heatwave. 
   Cooling off in the lake is not the best and only way to beat the heat.
   Here are some tips from the Center for Disease Control:
If you must be outside:
* Protect yourself from the sun by wearing a wide-brimmed hat (also keeps you cooler) and sunglasses and by putting on sunscreen of SPF 15 or higher (the most effective products say “broad spectrum” or “UVA/UVB protection” on their labels).
* Limit your outdoor activity to morning and evening hours.
* Cut down on exercise. If you must exercise, drink two to four glasses of cool, nonalcoholic fluids each hour.  A sports beverage can replace the salt and minerals you lose in sweat. 
* Drink more fluids (nonalcoholic), regardless of your activity level. Don’t wait until you’re thirsty to drink.
* Don’t drink liquids that contain alcohol or large amounts of sugar–these actually cause you to lose more body fluid. Also, avoid very cold drinks, because they can cause stomach cramps.
* Wear lightweight, light-colored, loose-fitting clothing.
* Try to rest often in shady areas.
If the heat is too much for you:
* Stay indoors and, if at all possible, stay in an air-conditioned place.
* Electric fans may provide comfort, but when the temperature is in the high 90s, fans will not prevent heat-related illness. Taking a cool shower or bath, or moving to an air-conditioned place is a much better way to cool off.
* NEVER leave anyone in a closed, parked vehicle.

   Although any one at any time can suffer from heat-related illness, some people are at greater risk than others.
Check regularly on:
* Infants and young children,
* People aged 65 or older,
* People who have a mental illness,
* Those who are physically ill, especially with heart disease or high blood pressure.
* Visit adults at risk at least twice a day and closely watch them for signs of heat exhaustion or heat stroke. Infants and young children, of course, need much more frequent watching.

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